Define narcissistic personality disorder
To define narcissistic personality disorder one might say, self-centeredness, troubled relationships, lack of empathy for others, and an exaggerated sense of self-importance. The narcissists foresee people showering them with attention and favors, though they rarely return the favor. Self-absorbing to the point where they are almost obsessed with their own self–importance, brilliance, and power.
A narcissistic personality disorder causes problems in many areas of life, such as relationships, work, school, or financial affairs. They may find their relationships unfulfilling, and others may not enjoy being around them.
Signs and symptoms of narcissistic personality disorder
–Have an exaggerated sense of self-importance
–Have a sense of entitlement and require constant, excessive admiration
–Expect to be recognized as superior even without achievements that warrant it
–Exaggerate achievements and talents
–Be preoccupied with fantasies about success, power, brilliance, beauty, or the perfect mate
–Believe they are superior and can only associate with equally special people
–Monopolize conversations and belittle or look down on people they perceive as inferior
–Take advantage of others to get what they want
–Have an inability or unwillingness to recognize the needs and feelings of others
–Be envious of others and believe others envy them
–Behave in an arrogant or haughty manner, coming across as conceited, boastful, and pretentious
–Insist on having the best of everything.
Some people with narcissistic personality disorder can have trouble handling anything they perceive as criticism, and they can:
–Become impatient or angry when they do not receive special treatment
–Have significant interpersonal problems and easily feel slighted
–React with rage or contempt and try to belittle the other person to make themselves appear superior
–Have difficulty regulating emotions and behavior
–Experience major problems dealing with stress and adapting to change
–Feel depressed and moody because they fall short of perfection
–Have secret feelings of insecurity, shame, vulnerability, and humiliation
When to see a doctor
People with a narcissistic personality disorder may not want to think that anything could be wrong, so they may be unlikely to seek treatment. If they do seek treatment, it is more likely to be for symptoms of depression, drug or alcohol use, or another mental health problem.
If you recognize aspects of your personality that are common to narcissistic personality disorder or you are feeling overwhelmed by sadness, consider reaching out to a trusted doctor or mental health provider. Getting the right treatment can help make your life more rewarding and enjoyable.